1897/98/99 MSWTUC organising women Cigar makers, Jewish Tailoresses and Upholsteresses.

1897-2

During  the years 1897, 1898 and 1899  the Manchester and Salford Women’s Trade Union Council continued their work of organising women into trade unions, researching the experiences of women at work, and lobbying for better work conditions for women workers.

The make-up of the Council started to change as the number of women’s trade unions increased, so the MSWTUC invited their representatives  onto the Council. In Oct 1898 the Secretary of the Pipe Finishers Trade Union became a member of the Council.

They also became recognised as a key organisation in organising low paid women into unions with national trade unions addressing their meetings. A special General Meeting was held in Oct 1898 when  the General Secretary of the National Union of Shop Assistants spoke about the lives of shop workers and proposed legislation.

The MSWTUC worked with other organisations to encourage women to organise themselves into unions.  The benefits of being in a  trade union meant the women could get strike pay, out-of-work pay and funeral benefits; and, most importantly,  women in trade unions were able to agitate to get  their wages increased. Organising women was not easy as the MSWTUC found out when they conducted an investigation into laundries. In order to talk to the women they had to visit them at home on a Monday –the only day they had off work-when they were busy doing their housework.

Cigar Makers

The MSWTUC worked with the London-based Cigar Makers Mutual Association  because of an incident at a workplace in Manchester. One of the union members was collecting dues, and was instantly sacked by the owner who did not want union members working in his factory. The other women workers stopped working,  Mr Cooper of the national CMMA came down, and together with the MSWTUC,  advised the women. When the employer saw the women removing their tools, so serious  were they about the strike, he relented and they went back to work. In Manchester 200 women were involved in the trade and the number of women in the  CMMA numbered 90.

Jewish Labour

In the Manchester and Salford area there was a large Jewish community, with new immigrants of whom some only spoke German and Yiddish, and therefore  could be easily exploited by factory owners. In November 1897 a report is made about an  employer who tried to use Jewish immigrants in one his factories, no doubt to undercut wages, the women workers responded and the Minutes noted that they ”…Had been successful in their attempt to secure the abolition of Jewish labour in the factory”. The women called in the MSWTUC who invited them to join the Federation of Women Workers. The MSWTUC suggested that the Jewish unions should produce recruitment leaflets in German and Yiddish.

The Jewish Tailors Machiners and Pressers proceeded to organise Jewish Tailoresses  and arranged meetings at the Jewish Labour Hall and the MSWTUC took part. The women were organised as a branch of the JTMP,  agreeing to work with the men over wages,  but were  organised in  their own branch.

Upholsteresses

They obtained a wage increase without any difficulty because they were now organised into a trade union.

 

Lobbying

In these years MSTUC

  • Supported the petition circulated by the Manchester and Salford TUC (male workers) for increased railway facilities and cheap trains for workers.
  • Supported Bill sponsored by National Union of Teachers to raise age of children in employment from 11-12 years.
  • Responded to Select Committee on proposals for Old Age Pensions. They said it would not be just or expedient to expect to demand contributions from women who received low wages.
  • Issued a leaflet with the Womens Trade Union League on Compensation for Injuries at work.
  • Produced a Fair List of Laundries that they sent to the Home Secretary.
  • Passed a resolution protesting against the curtailment of the powers of the new Chief Lady Inspector. At this time there were separate Inspectors for male and female industries.

Funding

The MSWTUC was funded originally by subscribers: wealthy people who wanted to help create the organisation and support its activities. Holding meetings in the drawing rooms of the wealthy elite is a recurring activity in the Minutes, but as the organisation established itself then other like-minded groups gave it grants. This included the Federation of Women Workers, the Shirt Makers Union, and the Upholsteresses Society.

Read about the MSWTUC Transcription Project here

Donations are welcome  to continue this project – there are 23 years of Minutes- please contact maryquaileclub@gmail.com

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About lipstick socialist

I am an activist and writer. My interests include women, class, culture and history. From an Irish in Britain background I am a republican and socialist. All my life I have been involved in community and trade union politics and I believe it is only through grass roots politics that we will get a better society. This is reflected in my writing, in my book Northern ReSisters Conversations with Radical Women and my involvement in the Mary Quaile Club. I am a member of the Manchester and Salford National Union of Journalists.If you want to contact me please use my gmail which is lipsticksocialist636
This entry was posted in education, feminism, human rights, labour history, Manchester, political women, Salford, Socialist Feminism, trade unions, Uncategorized, women, working class history, young people and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink.

One Response to 1897/98/99 MSWTUC organising women Cigar makers, Jewish Tailoresses and Upholsteresses.

  1. sandy rose says:

    Fascinating. Where do I send donation to? sandy

    On 19 October 2016 at 08:55, lipstick socialist wrote:

    > lipstick socialist posted: ” During the years 1897, 1898 and 1899 the > Manchester and Salford Women’s Trade Union Council continued their work of > organising women into trade unions, researching the experiences of women at > work, and lobbying for better work conditions for women wor” >

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